Whenever people are communicating, there is the apparent message of the words being spoken and the underlying message coming from non-verbal cues. In a conversation, non verbals can be eye-contact, posture or tone of voice. These significant little details are a vital part of the overall message being received. When the communication is in print, or online, the non-verbal cues are a little different. In the voice-less mediums we have layout, colors and images to support our directives. And of course, there’s typography. ,. It’s a subtle overture, but the typefaces and font styles we utilize may actually carry subliminal connotations. Designers can play on our subconscious responses to different kinds of typography to help support the main theme of any project.
There are a lot of fancy fonts out there that may be tempting. But if they sacrifice readability, it’s almost never worth it. People are far more likely to be accepting of a message that is stated clearly in both words and typeface. This is especially important if you are asking people to do something. One study shows that, in a test group, people were more likely to make a decision when the message was easier to read. Following that philosophy, creating call-to-actions using highly readable fonts should encourage the most engagement.
Of course This paper suggests that in some cases you might want something a little less accessible. For example if you want people to spend more at a restaurant. For many people, if something is difficult to read, the perception is that it is more difficult to do. And in food service that means they won’t mind paying higher prices.
Like many things in this world, even fonts can be classified as masculine and feminine. According to a report from Wichita University, “Feminine fonts were described as fine, serifed, sleek, and elegant; masculine fonts were characterized as being blocky and bold”. When you analyze various collections of masculine or feminine fonts you find that these generalizations, largely, hold true.
This insight can be used to help effectively target specific genders in marketing campaigns. Websites or advertisements that are meant to appeal to the male or female demographic can strategically utilize fonts to support that goal. Products intended for women may be well served by more elegant curving fonts, while items for men could benefit from bolder more angular type faces.
For the most part though, corporate typography tends to lean toward the more masculine fonts; as they seem to indicate a greater sense of organization and professionalism. And not surprisingly, feminine fonts are still typically the most useful for evoking pathos. I think there’s a joke about stereotypes in there somewhere but at the risk of inciting a riot, I’m gonna leave it alone.
The oldest debate in the world of fonts has been to serif or not to serif. The difference is in the tiny little brush strokes at the end of a letter. There are plenty theoretical arguments in favor of both styles and this article gives both sides of the debate. But ultimately, there doesn’t deem to be any scientific evidence that endorses the use of one over the other. The Wichita study found that most users preferred sans serif fonts for websites and email but preferred serif fonts in business documents. That means that Times New Roman might still be the standard for resumes, but Ariel is better as the default for your inbox.
There’s still a lot we don’t really know about type face. Can the font you use make your work seem more authoritative? Perhaps there is no significant difference between serif Georgia (The body typeface of the New York Times Online) and sans serif Tahoma (The font of Facebook). But when you go a little broader and compare the gravitas of Helvetica with say, the perpetual butt of font jokes, comic sans, there’s a major disparity.
Font choice can be used to make as much of an impression as the words that comprise the copy. Websites or businesses that are creative or design-based may benefit from more artistic fonts. While institutions that require trust and credibility may want to look for more structured typefaces. Some situations do naturally lend themselves to the use of specific genres of typography. In the end though, deciding on the best font for your purpose and medium largely comes down to a matter of preference and pre-disposition. As long as your choices are readable, purposeful and appropriate for the circumstances, most decisions won’t be wrong. Remember you don’t have to re-invent the wheel; you just need to use the existing model to propel you forward.
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